Fluorescent paint: features and subtleties of application
If you like everything new, creative, original, you should consider using fashionable luminous paint in your interior to create a bright, unique design with your own hands.
Invisible eye fluorescent paint, as well as its visible types, can be used to decorate various light accents on any type of base. With its help, you can creatively paint objects in the interior or even your body.
What it is?
Fluorescent or phosphor paints are products that, under the influence of the usual or UV light, make any drawings more voluminous and flashy. This means that the base of this coating consists of a number of pigments (light accumulating and reflecting light). An adhesive transparent base helps these elements to adhere to walls or fabrics. It is more often silicone, and also a varnish, glue or liquid glass.
More spectacular things painted in these paints look at night, they are able to decorate any room.
Today you can buy colorless and classic fluorescent products of various colors. These paints can be created with your own hands at home, thereby significantly saving on the purchase of finished coating. This unique coloring composition acquired its qualities from a pigment that can fluoresce as soon as UV rays fall on it. The element absorbs ultraviolet light, converting it, and gives back the visible rays.
The dye is a polymer-type dispersion (in it, small polymer particles have a fluoroform shell). It is non-toxic, harmless when used inside rooms, has very impressive properties.
Fluorescent colors also emit light in the daytime. However, in the dark their light becomes 3 times brighter and richer. For this reason, this paint is more often chosen for night decorating and various types of marking. To make the surfaces covered with such paint look stylish during the day, you can use colored fluorescent products.
They can be white, blue, green, red, brown or blue. Transparent colors will be almost invisible by day. This dye will not glow on its own. Under the action of ultraviolet rays, its bright glow will increase tenfold.
If you do not know how the fluorescent dye differs from the luminous analogue, you should take note: the latter has an independent highlighting effect. The duration of this effect can take up to 10-12 hours. For the whole day, the painted surfaces absorb the light, with the advent of darkness they begin to glow autonomously. This difference and allows you to accurately select the desired type of paint.
There is also a reflective dye. It acts as a reverse reflection of the luminous flux: as soon as the light hits the painted surface, the rays immediately reflect on 200 - 250 m. This paint is selected to increase road safety.
Most often, fluorescent products are used in the decoration of nightlife. In this case, you can highlight anything.
Different types of fluorescent materials are suitable for coloring:
- metal products (they can cover car rims, signs on the road, various items);
- different fabrics (draw pictures on clothes, use for advertising purposes);
- glasses and ceramics (it can be pottery or stained glass);
- the human body (can be found in body art) and on the leaves of ordinary plants;
- wood (you can paint fences, decorate gazebos, window and door openings);
- stone and concrete (painting walls, garden paths, city alleys, building facades);
- plastic (PVC products, polystyrene and other plastic materials).
In addition to the ability to glow beautifully, fluorescent materials have other characteristic features. Among them are advantages and disadvantages. Consider the key points.
Low resistance to light
Fluorescent paint in a matter of months can fade under the action of light (if applied externally). To make dyes burn out more slowly, a modifier that absorbs UV rays is introduced into the product. In addition, the coating with the paint already applied can be painted over with a transparent varnish. But the brightness of the paint will be reduced.
Loss of quality due to incorrect tinting
Extremely unstable fluorescent coloring product will be after unsuccessful tinting. To give the surface durability, better to buy ready-made material of the desired color.
Since the grains of the pigments are too large, they will not allow a completely glossy finish to be obtained. To solve this problem, the dye is applied in 2 layers or painted over with varnish.
Fear of excessive heat
Fluorescent paints disintegrate at a temperature of +150 - 250 degrees C. They completely lose their ability to glow brightly.
It takes only 15 minutes of bright daylight or artificial light to charge the applied paint for 8 full hours of operation. The process of accumulating light is a completely continuous cycle. Manufacturers guarantee that their luminous paint will work for at least 30 years.
The phosphor is able to perfectly adapt to the usual temperature, it is frost-resistant and is not afraid of heat. For this reason, it is chosen for interior decoration and facade.
Today, fluorescent materials can be represented by three types of compounds. Consider the features of each.
From acrylic for interior
Enamel with a base of acrylic to work with the interior can be used on wood, paper, drywall and stone. This kind of material is not suitable for use on metal or plastic surfaces. The pigment used in this enamel gives the desired color to the entire coating. To get the necessary colors, they usually mix different tones.
Acrylic for exterior work
Fluorescent paint used for facade work, has excellent resistance to various atmospheric factors. It will also repel the surface of the liquid, will be resistant to abrasion and the effects of cleaning agents. It is easy to clean the painted surface. Work on the facades often requires diluting the formulations with a certain amount of water.
It is easy to apply paint on a covering from concrete, zinc, plaster, the plastic basis, wood and cement. The product has no unpleasant or sharp smell.
Universal composition in the form of an aerosol produced in small-sized cans. This paint is selected to cover the facade and exterior walls. When used, a smooth coating resistant to various factors is formed. The uniqueness of this is that they can paint any type of base, ranging from glass to metal.
Colorless species are almost indistinguishable by day and under the action of light from a simple lamp. This dye emits light only when darkness comes under the action of a UV lamp. Visible options in daylight look like ordinary bright drawings. You will be able to portray an unusual pattern on surfaces of any type, and it will glow as soon as UV rays fall on it.
For painting walls, ceilings or facade work more convenient to use cans. Their positive qualities are that the paint will superbly lie on plastic products, wood, glass and concrete products, it will not blur, it will not deteriorate with time.
Paint in an aerosol form is best suited for work: if all the available material is not consumed immediately, it will be stored in a balloon until the next use. At the right time, you can again implement new original ideas on the design of the luminous image. The volume of this paint in aerosol packaging for use for different purposes can vary from 100 to 520 ml. It is possible to get paint in cylinders of volume 140, 150, 200, 240, 300, 340, 400 ml.
It is difficult to answer exactly which surface area can be painted over with a single aerosol product of a certain volume: paint consumption depends on a number of factors. It is important what company has released paint. Has the meaning:
- hiding coefficient of the product itself;
- original surface color;
- paint absorbency;
- the presence of a primer;
- experience in the use of spray paint.
- uniformity of application.
- tone of paint (the lighter the shade, the greater the consumption of the dye);
The approximate consumption of such a cartridge, according to the manufacturers label, is 1 square meter. m. about 200-300 ml.
Sometimes fluorescent dyes are called acidic, screaming because of their saturated colors. These are bright dyes, giving the impression that they are illuminated from the inside, a look that irritates the retina of the eyes. In addition to these tones, rich pigments are used, considering the purpose of a particular room. Bright colors try not to use in the design of the bedroom.. In addition, such accents should be small, otherwise they may lose expressiveness.
A win-win design is the decoration of the interior with patterns or the use of colorless small accents. If you need more brightness, apply a few shades, such as red, yellow and orange.
To create a harmonious interior, add neutral colors to the accent. White or light gray tones are perfect here.
Contrast between shades is a bold decision to give a catchy design. The more expressive the contrast, the brighter the effect of the paint. Such a contrast can be achieved in the selection of colors located in the color spectrum of shades located opposite each other. If you prefer to use bright colors, the number of colors should not be large, otherwise each shade will compete with the situation.
A huge plus of the fluorescent dye is that even its small use in the interior will make the design of the room catchy, memorable, add emotionality to the design. An excellent idea is to arrange a number of objects painted with fluorescent dyes on a snow-white background. This option is in demand in modern living spaces, for example, is found in the style of minimalism. Original transparent colors look on a black, snow-white and grayish background, and also when combined with pastel shades. Bright furniture, flashy decor items and textiles look stylish on a neutral background.
Another popular idea is to install neon lights. Acid tones are in harmony with all natural colors, for example, brown, beige, cream, creamy, shades of blue.
How to choose?
It is easy to get a coloring composition with a fluorescent pigment. It is more difficult not to get lost in the richness of the range and make the right choice. To do this, you need to take into account when purchasing several characteristics.
- Pigmentation. For the brightest glow, many types of LED enamel are used in 2 - 3 layers (especially important when it comes to stamp varieties).
- Resistance to temperature changes. For facade work or applying stylish graffiti, it is preferable to select phosphorescent products in powder form. For finishing textiles dye with photoluminescence is better suited.
- Uniformity. Inspect the paint can and carefully read the composition. If the shelf life is coming to an end, and homogeneity is questionable, it is worth refusing from such an acquisition.
- Drying speed. When performing finishing it is important that the coating dried optimally quickly.
Tips and tricks
To facilitate the application of the image with your own hands, you can use stencils or pre-prepared stamps. More complex images should initially be applied to the wall with a pencil, only then you can carefully paint them. To completely protect yourself It is important to ask the seller for a certificate of the manufacturer of the selected luminous paint. If available, you can stop the choice on this product.
Do not buy cheap Chinese counterparts, which can be harmful to health because of their high toxicity and toxic phosphorus additives.
Manufacturers and reviews
High-quality fluorescent paint is safe for people and animals. No need to think that the composition of such paint is radioactive, toxic or flammable. It is better to buy from reputable manufacturers. Among the well-known brands today are popular pigments in aerosol cans. Kudo and Bosny.
Luminous paint in cans perfectly suits for decoration works in apartments or graffiti on the walls. Kudo. This is a fluorescent enamel, which gives the effect of light reflection, it is released in a volume of 270 ml in 7 interesting shades. The advantage of this luminous paint is the fact that it has a direct reflection effect. The minus is a small amount of spray.
Bosny - quick-drying acrylic paint in a 400 ml aerosol can, having a wide range of colors for any, even the most pretentious taste.