How to choose acrylic paint for wood?
Acrylic paint for wooden surfaces is very well suited for repairs in a private house or country house made from natural materials. Thanks to it, you can update the interior, and most importantly - to do everything quickly and efficiently. However, not everyone knows how to choose acrylic paint for wood, what nuances should be oriented. After reading this article, you can deal with this issue in detail.
Acrylic products are a type of water-based formulations. This paint is easy to use and very popular among consumers, modern manufacturers offer a variety of options. In addition, the composition is non-toxic, safe for human health. Such features of the paint-and-lacquer composition for wooden surfaces ensure good demand and demand for such products.
The scope of application of such paint - internal and external work with various surfaces. This coating not only looks great, but also makes the wooden surface more durable and protects it.
High quality acrylic paints is achieved due to the fact that they have the advantages of watercolors and oils. In the manufacture of the composition of the used synthetic resin: these components provide protection against burnout (when exposed to sunlight).
Acrylic paints give the surface elasticity, strength. The time required for complete drying is determined by the type of wood. The paint treated material is moisture resistant (thanks to a special film).
Acrylic formulations can easily be washed off the surface before they dry out if the need arises. Properly selected paint for wood will provide high-quality and attractive coating. There is a transparent acrylic paint for wood, which emphasizes the natural shade and protects the base from negative external influences.
If we consider the name of the paintwork material, the scope of its application becomes clear.
However, it is worth noting that the acrylic paint for wood can be painted and particleboard, as well as other similar materials.
Advantages and disadvantages
Acrylic paints for wooden surfaces have advantages and disadvantages, like other paints and varnishes. The positive properties of such coloring compositions include the following:
- The paint is not toxic, which makes it possible to cover indoor surfaces with such material. The paint is odorless.
- Good hiding power of paint, thanks to which the composition is consumed very economically.
- Fast drying, however, this characteristic depends on the structure of the material being processed, the layer of paint applied and the microclimate in the room.
- High level of adhesion with the surface. Acrylic composition does not deteriorate even from quite significant loads.
- The ability to do the work yourself.
- Good elasticity of the coating. This property reduces the risk of cracking in wood.
- A large number of colors and a variety of textures. Manufacturers offer matte and glossy compounds, as well as surfaces that mimic velvet or satin.
If you compare with the list of advantages of acrylic paint, it can be noted that the disadvantages are less. In addition, they relate to poor-quality products.
Cons of the dyeing acrylic composition:
- Quite high prices for products.
- The structure becomes useless at long storage.
- Insufficient vapor permeability, as a result of which pigment can begin to peel off (when working with wet wood).
- Inexpensive compositions lose their color and quickly fade in the sun.
Acrylic paint is a very good tool for painting wood. However, it is also important to properly carry out finishing work, to take into account the recommendations of the manufacturer and specialists.
This product is divided into two types: materials for use inside and outside the premises. In composition, they are almost identical. The main difference is that the paint for facade work contains an additive that protects the surface from ultraviolet radiation, temperature fluctuations. Due to this, the painted surface is moisture resistant.
Here is a more detailed classification of water-based acrylics:
- facade paints for painting walls and individual wooden structures;
- universal products for interior work;
- universal decorative paints;
- products for working with wood flooring.
The scope of application of the paint is usually indicated by the manufacturer on the packaging or on the label, for this code is used. Acrylic compositions are not interchangeable, they can differ significantly from each other in their characteristics. Paints produced for the treatment of external structures include copolymers that contain styrene and methacrylic acid. Thanks to these components, the coating becomes more durable, but the level of moisture absorption decreases.
Some compositions for the treatment of facades in general can not be used for painting wood indoors. This, for example, paint for floors, characterized by high resistance to abrasion. Ultraviolet and temperature fluctuations for such a surface are undesirable.
If you use front paint to paint the floor, the coating will deteriorate very quickly, because people will often walk on it.
Due to good adhesion, acrylic paints fit perfectly on the material. For performance of work the brush or roller is used. It is important to note that some professional artists often use acrylic paints for painting on wood. Such paints and varnishes are slightly different from others in composition and type of containers. Restoration work, furniture manufacturing are other areas where acrylic paints are used. For furniture craftsmen choose such material to emphasize the structure of the wood and get the desired color.
There is an acrylic spray paint, which is produced by manufacturers in various cartridges. It is very simple and easy to use, especially for work with small areas of surfaces. Such products are very often used for decoupage.
The right choice of paint makes it possible to preserve the beauty and attractiveness of the wooden surface, as well as to extend its service life. A wide palette of acrylic compositions for wood will help to create an original design in any room: in the children's room, in the kitchen, in the living room.
Competent selection of colors and textures is a crucial step. If you can’t go wrong with it, you can emphasize the main advantages of the room, create a certain atmosphere in the room, embody all fantasies and ideas into reality. There are not only colored acrylic compositions for wood. Transparent paint will help to highlight the natural color of wood and provide the necessary surface protection.
To find the optimal color for the facade of a building, it is necessary to take into account the fact that light colors (for example, white and its shades) can reflect heat, therefore this design is most successful for homes in regions with a warm climate. Light coatings do not heat up very much, due to which the finishing layer is maintained for a longer period.
Putting paint in two layers, you can give color saturation and expressiveness.. Due to the use of special pigments in the production of acrylic paints, it becomes possible to manufacture products of various shades.
The production process involves the possibility of tinting. Color selection is carried out by a computer program. The base is neutral, and tinting additives can be any: black, red, green, and so on. Today, many prefer to use such two-component products.
Tips for choosing
When buying acrylic paints it is very important to choose a composition for wood that is produced by proven manufacturers. In this case, it will be possible not to doubt its high quality.
When planning to buy this or that acrylic paint, you should determine the area of its use, as well as the functions that it should perform. Most often, the protective qualities of products are important for the buyer. The composition should not be harmful substances: this is especially true for products for domestic work.
The main criterion when buying paint is the scope of its use. Acrylic compositions for wood can be used indoors: they create a uniform and smooth coating on interior items, furniture, on the floor, walls, stairs, or other wooden structures. There are compounds for painting wood products that are outside. Such paints incorporate certain specific additives that improve products.
Preference should be given to products that meet these requirements:
- the composition should go evenly;
- the content of non-volatile compounds should not be more than 75%;
- frost resistance;
- resistance to ultraviolet radiation;
- to dry the surface should be no more than one and a half days.
Compliance with European quality standards - the main requirement for acrylic compositions for wood. Quality products are odorless, so when choosing paint you should ask for a quality certificate for the goods from the seller.
For each acrylic paint there are probes, which indicate the color, which as a result should be obtained on the treated surface.
It is worth noting that on such samples the composition, as a rule, is applied in three or even four layers. For this reason, the choice of color should be taken as seriously as possible, taking into account the estimated number of layers on a wooden surface.