What and how can you clean the ceiling without stains?
Cleanliness and order in the apartment (house) - this is what the vast majority of people aspire to. But if almost all owners of residential premises try to clean the floor and walls, furniture and accessories, then the situation is somewhat different with ceilings - there is even an opinion that they should be washed only occasionally, when dirt accumulates in significant amounts.
A big difficulty is the complexity of washing the ceilings, because for this it is necessary to work at height and take into account all the nuances of finishing materials.
Ceilings seem to be relatively clean and have little dirty surfaces, because they are not standing, objects are not hung here, nobody walks over them, does not scatter and does not spill fluids, and even touching them very rarely occurs. But the problem is that the emerging pollution is extremely difficult to hide, and on a light background they are too noticeable even with the naked eye.
This problem is particularly relevant in the kitchen, where constant evaporation is inevitable.
The traditional method of finishing - whitewashing - allows you to remove accumulated dirt by simply applying a new layer. But modern materials and designs, with all their merits, do not leave such an opportunity to people. Therefore, the question of how to clean up soot and other contaminants is extremely relevant.
Types of ceilings and approach to them
A huge variety of engineering developments and design techniques does not allow us to give a universal answer to this question, since each of the coatings has its own characteristics. For example, oil paint allows wet cleaning even with additives of detergents, while polyvinyl acetate water-based dyes do not tolerate contact with a large amount of water, and there are many leaks and even stains at once.
The solution to the problem is wet wipes or vacuuming. However, it is recommended to clean the most inconspicuous area on the ceiling to check, and only with a positive result should you begin to clean the rest of the surface.
Widespread stretch ceilings require special handling:
- no hard brushes or sponges;
- under the ban, any abrasives and solids - even a cream with single particles, not to mention powders;
- for wetting soft foam sponges or cloths, use only a mild soap solution;
- do not use soda - if you wash the ceiling with it, then there is a risk of scratching the smooth finish.
Before starting work, remove any jewelry; Wipe the surface in a circle, constantly pressing, but not too hard. On glossy ceilings, stains often remain even with the most careful work, and in order to remove them, it is necessary to wipe the surface dry. Wherein microfibre cloths are used, perfectly collecting even a significant amount of moisture.
Stretch ceilings can be washed not only with soap - for them there are many special tools. Despite the high cost, they fully justify themselves and never leave a divorce unlike handicraft blends. When choosing a cleaning composition, it is necessary to check that it does not contain even small portions of acetone., and in the absence of caustic components, they still check the work on an inconspicuous corner. If after 15 minutes the color of the material and its structure have not changed, you can safely apply the cleaning agent and further.
You can also look after false ceilings using washing vacuum cleaners. But in this case it will be necessary to check whether the construction itself is securely fixed, because with the slightest weakness there is a high risk of its deformation.
To remove lumps of dust or cobwebs preferably manually with soft cloths and brooms - a vacuum cleaner is not suitable for this purpose. The ceiling made of plastic panels (tiles) is easier to clean than stretch or covered with a layer of whitewash.
Tools and fixtures
In a room with a normal ceiling height, it makes sense not to use a stepladder or table, but to take a telescopic mop. The advantage of such a tool is the ability to clean the tiles in the corners, ceiling moldings and other hard-to-reach areas.
To clean the ceiling, apply:
- soap solutions;
- dishwashing detergents;
In the care of them most commonly used light soapwhich is mixed with hot water, achieving the formation of foam. Similarly approach to work with detergents. The ammonia is diluted in accordance with the standard proportions that are in the recipes for cleaning.
From improvised means you can recommend a mixture - 30 g of sodium orthophosphate with 3.78 liters of water. Moistened sponges in such a composition should be wrung out, and then with careful movements wash the contaminated areas.
It is important to know that the treatment in case of severe contamination needs to be repeated again and again until the yellowing traces disappear. In order not to leave any foreign smell, it is recommended to rub the surface with vinegar - it will evaporate by itself and does not require rinsing.
Such a ceiling should be washed without the use of abrasives; it is unacceptable to scrape off dirt with a knife or other sharp object. Also, do not use a mop wrapped with a rag - it can provoke dents.
If you can not get the ceiling, standing on the floor, then in this case you will need to use only carefully tested and stable tables, and even better to use a stepladder.
To clean the ceiling, decorated with drawings, it is better not to use alcohol-containing substances and acetic acid. Bleach helps to cope with yellowed places. - any factory product is diluted in an appropriate proportion: 60-90 g per 10 kg of liquid. To avoid the occurrence of streaks and streaks is easier if you wash the ceiling surface in one direction.
Melamine sponge is widely used when washing ceilings, but you need to pre-check the reaction of the finishing materialso that no deformations happen.
Such constructions are very widely demanded, but one should not assume that aluminum blocks can be washed with abrasive means - the chrome-plated surface is easily damaged and loses its decorative qualities. Minor and relatively weak contaminations are removed by soap suds, and when there is a lot of dirt (the ceiling is all black from burning or soot), you will have to use an aqueous solution with dishwashing detergent. Mirrored slatted ceiling washed in the same way as the window.
The following materials are used:
- mop with retractable handle;
- sponges not covered with nap;
- factory cleaners for window panes.
You can not use washing powder, as it quickly penetrates into the paintwork material or fabric, while maintaining the characteristic aroma that hinders almost all residents of the apartment.
When successive cleaning with a vacuum cleaner with dry sponges and soapy water did not give a result, a different approach is required:
- soda is diluted in warm water (90-120 g per 10 l);
- the ceiling is moistened with this solution;
- after 10 minutes it is washed off.
The more often painted ceilings are washed, the better is their attractive appearance.
Remove contamination with paper wallpaper, even if it’s about soot, you can only use a vacuum cleaner - wet cleaning and washing are not allowed. Only in the dirtiest places it is allowed to work a little bit with wet wipes made of natural materials.
Traditionally, the web removed with brooms or panicles, but this can lead to deformation of the coating. It is much better to use a vacuum cleaner, supplemented with a brush with a large length of the pile. Textile ceiling is required to systematically vacuum; Responsible owners take any spot immediately, without delaying it for later.
The contaminated area should be soaked with dry paper towels, only after that you should start work: all stains should be cleaned from the outside to the middle so that there are no traces left.
To prevent the occurrence of stains and stains can be, if you limit the use of fluid, as the fabric does not tolerate overwetting. It is unacceptable to remove stains containing chlorine, mixtures, and if they are very deeply eaten, it is advisable to dilute the cleaning powder in water and use it. Finishing work with a fabric ceiling, rubbing it with a paper towel dry.
Hinged glossy ceilings will get the effect of brilliance when they are wiped with rags soaked in an aqueous solution of alcohol with a concentration of 10%. But Matt coatings must not be cleaned with alcohol. - from this they can be strongly deformed. It is recommended to wash the wooden surface with the help of soft brushes, and the soap solution must be washed off after treatment with clean water. No wet cleaning for plasterboard ceilings - they may be damaged by water.
The foam type of construction is initially cleaned with a vacuum cleaner, and only then it is treated with a cleaning solution. Alkaline products are prohibited by technology.that can harm the foam. Rubber gloves must be used when working, even if a simple soap solution is used - this is very important for safety.
Choosing the right solution for specific tasks is quite simple, but you need to carefully study the accumulated experience.